Growth deficiencies typically occur when there is dysfunction of the pituitary gland. The pituitary gland secretes the growth hormone somatotrophin, to various parts of the body. Excess secretion of this hormone causes large hands, feet and jaw, whereas underproduction causes dwarfism. Congenital hypothyroidism is a condition characterised by the absence of a thyroid gland at birth. If this is not detected and treated promptly it can lead to developmental issues. Gigantism is abnormally great height that results from excessive cartilage and bone formation at the ends of long bones.
Causes of pituitary dysfunction: tumour of the pituitary gland, thyroid gland dysfunction, dysfunction of the thymus.
Symptoms of congenital hypothyroidism: short stature, disproportionately short arms and legs, coarse hair and mental retardation.
Who to consult: GP, herbalist, homoeopath, naturopath, neonatologist, osteopath, paediatrician, podiatrist, psychiatrist, psychologist.